We adapt modeling software developed for plant morphogenesis to modeling animal cells. We incorporated “bubbly” cell boundaries and a novel sliding vertex operator to overcome ill-defined conditions that drive vertex-jumping in convention spring-vertex models of epithelial sheets. See https://doi.org/10.1007/s11538-019-00599-9
Wolff, H. B., Davidson, L. A., & Merks, R. M. (2019). Adapting a plant tissue model to animal development: introducing cell sliding into VirtualLeaf. Bulletin of mathematical biology, 1-20.